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  • Published: Thursday, April 29, 2010 - 10:56 AM

Construction, demolitions, and evictions in the Jerusalem area

By Missing Peace

Introduction

Building in the Jerusalem area and the West Bank has received intensive news coverage recently. Evacuations and demolitions in the area, as a result of illegal building, have attracted no less attention. Yet an abundance of news reports has not contributed to a better understanding of those issues. This is a result of incomplete information and in many cases fundamental misunderstanding of the often complex situation in Jerusalem.

Misunderstandings can be found even in the highest circles. One example occurred during the visit to Israel by U.S. Vice-President Joe Biden. During a speech at Tel Aviv University Biden admitted that he had misjudged Israel’s announcement of the construction plan in the Ramat Shlomo neighborhood. His initial response was based on the assumption that construction of the 1600 new units in this neighborhood was about to start.

Only after Prime-Minister Benjamin Netanyahu explained to him that the actual start of the construction would not take place for three years did he realize that he had reacted too harshly. Building procedures in Israel are a slow process. In some cases the time elapsing between the initial plan and the creation of a neighborhood can be ten years. The Ramat Shlomo decision did not involve building permits. It was, a district zoning committee approval, which also needs both a municipal zoning approval and a national zoning approval, and then an internal Interior Ministry bidding process, a contract with a developer, and only then applications for building permits.

Another issue which causes misunderstandings is the status of Jerusalem

This study aims to provide information about those issues.

Status of Jerusalem

Jerusalem is widely regarded as “occupied Palestinian” territory. The new Jewish Jerusalem neighborhoods are labeled settlements not only by large segments of the international media but also by the current administration in Washington.

Status of Jerusalem in Israel

Jerusalem was founded by Jews about 3000 years ago. A Jewish presence in the city has been maintained ever since, with the exception of short periods in which Jews were forbidden to live in the city by foreign rulers.

In the modern era, the city has had an overwhelming Jewish majority since 1850. The main part of this majority lived in East Jerusalem until the 1948-1949 Israel War of Independence. During and after this war, Jordan illegally occupied this part of the city, and the Jewish population was expelled or murdered. The Jewish neighborhood in the old city was destroyed, including all Synagogues.

The Jewish religion has always been centered on Jerusalem, even when the Jewish people were in exile. The city is regarded by secular and religious Jews as the heart of the Jewish nation. Jerusalem resumed it’s role as the capital of Israel with the founding of the modern state of Israel.

Status of Jerusalem in Islamic world

Jerusalem in contemporary Islam has the status of the third holy city after Mecca and Medina. The Jewish claim to the city is often denied by Islamic scholars and Arab politicians1 . Yasser Arafat, for example, at Camp David in 2000 denied the existence of a Jewish temple on the site of the current El Aksa mosque.

1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QWNles_5a40

Islamic scholar Abdul Hadi Palazzi, however, maintains a different opinion based on the Quran. He proved that the Quran in Surah Bani Isra’il mentioned the Temple that the Jewish king Solomon built. In the Hadith these verses are explained as divine inspiration for the building of the Temple. In the early years of Islam, Jerusalem did not bear the name Al Quds but was named Al Maqdis. Al Maqdis means the same as the Hebrew name for the Temple : Ha Miqdash

International status of Jerusalem

International law is mostly based on binding International agreements signed by state parties, or jurisprudence (soft law). Some United Nations resolutions do also have the status of international law. These are the binding Security Council resolutions.

UN Security Council resolution 242 does not speak about the status of Jerusalem. The most cited resolution on Jerusalem in terms of international law is UN Security Council resolution 478 which was a reaction to the Knesset law on the status of Jerusalem (The eternal and indivisible capital of Israel).

The legality of this UN Security Council resolution, however, is subject to division of opinion among experts on International law.

According to experts like Julius Stone 2 and the Dutch expert Matthijs de Blois, the situation of Jerusalem differs from the rest of the West Bank.

2
http://www.aijac.org.au/resources/reports/international_law.pdf

First of all, a Jewish majority existed in Jerusalem before the 1948-1949 War of Independence. Furthermore, there was in fact a vacuum of sovereignty, due to the Arab rejection of the 1947 UN partition plan. This vacuum lasted until 1967. Jordan did not hold any legal title to Jerusalem, as it was an illegal occupier from 1948 until 1967. The acquisition of East Jerusalem in 1967 by Israel came as a result of Jordanian aggression.

The original mandate for Palestine by the League of Nations explicitly stated that a Jewish national home was to be esthablished in the Mandate territory. At the San Remo conference of April 1920 the international community recognized all the land between the Jordan River and the sea (Jerusalem included) as part of the Mandate. This recognition has the status of international law. The Arab refusal to accept the 1947 UN General Assembly resolution to partition the Mandate into independent Jewish and Arab states meant that the legal title forthcoming from the San Remo resolution and the ratification of the San Remo decision by the League of Nations in 1922 of the Jewish homeland (Israel) still stands today.

The Oslo Accords did not render Israel’s position on Jerusalem invalid. The Oslo agreements explicitly excluded the status of Jerusalem from consideration in these accords. Jerusalem was meant to be a subject that should be discussed during final status-negotiations.

Betar Illit building project

Betar Illit is a town of 30.000 residents located just outside Jerusalem, a kilometer across the green line. A large building project in the town was subject of media reports which suggested that Israel breached the ten-month moratorium on building in the West Bank. The decision was also condemned by the U.S.State Department.

A closer examination of this case revealed that the permission to continue building which was issued by Israeli Defense Minister Barak was in fact a correction of an original mistake which was made when the moratorium became effective. The contractor of the project, Haim Zaken, appealed shortly after receiving the stop order. After reviewing his appeal the Defense Ministry agreed to the continued building of one third of the project.

Zaken, however, did not accept this and filed a new complaint 3 against the decision.

He contended that he faced huge losses and legal action by people who already had purchased apartments, and that his company would have gone bankrupt as a result of the stop order. Zaken also argued that the decision to allow him to continue work on only one third of the project was causing huge technical problems with the infrastructure. In the first week of March 2010 the exemptions committee of the Defense Ministry allowed him to continue building on all 112 apartments of the project.

3

http://www.unitedjerusalem.org/index2.asp?id=1312056&Date=12/18/2009

http://www.jpost.com/Israel/Article.aspx?id=170463

Silwan neighborhood redevelopment

This project is part of an overall plan to improve living conditions in East Jerusalem.

The plan was generally presented by the world media as an attempt to uproot Arab residents from their homes or as a brutal demolition plan.

The plan was eventually postponed after intervention of Prime Minister Netanyahu. This happened as a result of international pressure.

Silwan is a neighborhood situated next to the Old City of Jerusalem. Before the War of Independence in 1948 the population was mixed Jewish and Arab.

The Jewish presence ended as a result of Jordanian expulsions.

Almost al of the houses (657) in Silwan were built without building permits, which has also contributed to chaos in the planning of the neighborhood. Infrastructure is lacking and basic facilities such as sewerage pipes are missing in many houses.

Jerusalem mayor Nir Barkat aims to improve the conditions in Arab neighborhoods and to put an end to illegal building and the lack of planning. The Gan Hamelech/ El Bustan project would have meant that the original park, which was one of the very few in the area before 1967, would have been restored.

The demolition of the homes of 120 Arab families would be compensated with legally built houses on the other side of the neighborhood. No plans for building for Jewish residents were involved in the plan.

Barkat spent months trying to reach an agreement with the Arab residents. According to the Jerusalem municipality he was very close to a deal when news broke about the redevelopment and caused the involvement of activist groups and foreign politicians.

The redevelopment plan 4 contains the following elements:

  1. Rehabilitation of the original park
  2. Development of a commercial centre (shops, restaurants, artists studio’s)
  3. Alternative housing for the residents of illegal buildings
  4. Improvement of roads, sewerage and other public infrastructure
  5. Public facility center with daycare, classrooms and fitness center

4

http://www.theisraelproject.org/atf/cf/%7B84dc5887-741e-4056-8d91-a389164bc94e%7D/20100302LAUNCH%20OF%20DEVELOPMENT%20OF%20GAN%20HAMELECH.PDF

Ramat Shlomo neighborhood building plan

Ramat Shlomo became world news during the visit of U.S. Vice-President Joe Biden. The district committee announced the planned building of 1600 new units for the ultra orthodox neighborhood.

The plan first came up for discussion in June 2008 as part of an overall discussion of the Jerusalem master plan. Some of the new units were originally 5 slated to be built on privately owned land (Jewish owners) which bordered the Arab Beit Hanina neighborhood. In the end, the committee decided that the construction would take place on state land (Israel Lands Administration)

5
http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1156765.html

The reactions to the announcement of the building plan were mostly based on the wrong assumption that Jerusalem was included in the ten-month building freeze for the West Bank. The Israeli government, however, explicitly excluded Jerusalem from this freeze.

Ramat Shlomo is situated between several other Jewish neighborhoods on the west, south and east side. It also borders on the Arab neighborhood of Shuafat. The original building of the neighborhood took place in the years up to 1995 without any international attention. Ramat Shlomo is built upon former no-man’s land (1948-1967).

The future of the neighborhood was discussed in the final- status talks between former Prime Minister Olmert and Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas. In reaction to a proposal by Olmert about future borders, the Palestinian Authority President presented a counter proposal. In this proposal, Ramat Shlomo would have been part of Israel after the agreed division of Jerusalem.

Sheikh Jarrah/ Shimon HaTzaddik evictions

Evicitions in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood became world news in the summer of 2009.

Less known are the history of the neighborhood and the full story 6 about the reasons that some of the Arab tenants were evicted from the houses they lived in.

The case which sparked international outrage was the most recent eviction of the Al Kurd family in Sheikh Jarrah.

6
http://www.jcpa.org/JCPA/Templates/ShowPage.asp?DBID=1&LNGID=1&TMID=111&FID=442&PID=0&IID=3056

The case has a history dating from 1982 when a civil case was jointly filed against 23 families, representing 17 units. The residents’ lawyer, Yitzhak Toussia-Cohen, who decided not to contest the ownership claims, won residents the legal status of “protected tenants.” Under this classification, tenants and their cohabiting kin may continue living in their units in exchange for regular rent payments and agreement to restrictions limiting renovations and other changes to the property. The ruling for the case would come to serve as the legal precedent for the rulings on subsequent appeals. Some families began paying rent; others did not.

In 1999 the Al-Kurd family was sued for rent delinquency and for violating the terms of protected tenancy by renovating their house without proper permissions.

The ownership question dates back to 1948. In that year the Jordanian army evicted the Jews living in the neighborhood. The neighborhood was built around the tomb of Shimon HaTzaddik, a Jewish High Priest who lived in the fourth century BCE.

In 1950 Jordan distributed the houses of the evicted Jews to Arabs. After 1967 the Sephardi Community Committee and the Ashkenazi Assembly of Israel filed a legal claim presenting ownership papers dating back to the time of the Ottoman rule. Since then legal procedures have determined the ownership question in favor of these committees.

The Al Kurd family was evicted after a ruling of the Israeli High Court of Justice. The family refused to pay rent and violated the court ruling of 1982 by doing illegal renovations and by extending the house they lived in.

The Al Kurd family, together with activists from Israel and abroad, decided to protest the eviction by building a tent next to their former house. The tent was in no way a necessity, as evicted tenants have a right to hotel accommodation in case they did not use the time between the eviction order and the actual eviction to arrange for alternative housing.

Palestinian leadership role in Jerusalem

The Palestinian Authority is involved in many issues and disputes in East Jerusalem.

Since the Oslo 2 accord this has been the case. Involvement was originally centered on the Temple Mount where the PA took over from the Jordanians (Israel had restored Jordanian control over the Temple Mount in 2004).

The PA activities in East Jerusalem were in violation of the Oslo Accords. During the time up to 2000, this was overlooked by the Israeli government. The visit of Ariel Sharon to the Temple mount was used by the PA -the visit having been coordinated with PA officials- as an excuse to start the Second Intifada. Thereafter the Israeli government slowly changed its attitude to the PA involvement.

The PA encourages illegal building in East Jerusalem as a means to create facts on the ground. The same thing happened in the Hebron/Kiryat Arba area where illegal building was used as a means to prevent expansion of the Jewish presence there.

The PA is also responsible for incitement against Israel in the archeological excavations and maintenance work in sensitive areas like the Temple Mount.

The most recent example of incitement was the renovation of the ancient Hurva synagogue in the Jewish Quarter of Jerusalem’s Old City. PA officials called the opening of the synagogue a threat to the El Aksa mosque. This lie was clearly meant to create the image that the synagogue was somewhere near the El Aksa mosque. In actual fact the Hurva is located some 700 meters away from the mosque.

The Palestinian Center for Human Rights went even further and called the rededication of the Hurva Synagogue a “war crime” 7.

7

http://www.pchrgaza.org:80/portal/en/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6297:pchr-strongly-condemns-inauguration-of-synagogue-in-occupied-east-jerusalem-&catid=36:pchrpressreleases&Itemid=194

In cases like the evictions in Sheikh Jarrah the PA is keen on keeping the story in the media as long as possible. The PA is also involved in the demonstrations against Israeli policies in East Jerusalem.

East Jerusalem Arab residents are threatened not to sell real estate to Jews. In 2006 an East Jerusalem Arab 8 resident was found murdered in Jericho after selling real estate to Jews.

8
http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3239524,00.html

From 1995 to 2001 the PA conducted a campaign of threats, assassinations and abductions against local Arab leaders and businessmen. But, as the 2006 murder and the recent threats against Fahmi Shabaneh show, that policy has not disappeared.

Shabaneh, who headed the anti-corruption unit in the General Security Service of the Palestinian Authority, recently exposed a huge corruption scandal in the PA.

On his website 9 Shabaneh gave an example of the corrupt way PA officials deal with real estate issues in East Jerusalem.

Hakmat Said, PA minister of heritage, is the co-owner of a building in Musharra East Jerusalem.

9
http://www.hekayaty.com

The building is currently occupied by the Christian International Church.
Said is known for his activism to restore real estate in East Jerusalem to Arab owners and harsh criticism of Israeli building in the area. In this case, however, he reportedly said that when the time is right and the PA rules over all of Jerusalem (!) the building will be returned to its owners.

Role of non governmental organizations (NGOs)

NGOs are very active in Jerusalem. They contribute to the disinformation surrounding demolitions, evictions and construction procedures. For example the Jerusalem Municipality’s actions to prevent illegal construction are dismissed as an excuse to ruthlessly destroy Palestinian homes by B’Tselem and other organizations, who falsely describe these policies as Israeli attempts to ‘erase all trace of Palestinian existence’ in Jerusalem.

Similarly, excavations and archaeological activity in the City of David, a site that is central to Jerusalem’s Biblical heritage, is delegitimized by the Ir Amin organization as part of an Israeli settlement plan.

Most of these NGOs receive their funding from foreign governments, in particular the European Union.

Evictions and demolitions of illegal buildings

Illegal building in Jerusalem East is rampant. The municipality estimates that 20,000 houses are built without a permit.

Compared to the number of illegal buildings, the statistics show a relatively low number of enforced demolitions.

The procedure for issuing demolition orders requires the approval of at least five different bodies within the Jerusalem municipality. This procedure is unique for Israel and has to do with the sensitivity of the matter.

Illegal building in Jerusalem has been funded by the Arab world for years. Recently the Arab League earmarked another $ 500 million for East Jerusalem.

The legal requirements for issuing demolition orders are similar to what is normal in Western countries.

  1. A structure was built without a permit or does not meet the standard building regulations
  2. The structure was not yet finished or was transferred to the owner within 60 days after the building was completed.
  3. The structure was not yet inhabited or was inhabited less than 30 days.

The demolition is announced by a sticker on the door which calls for the owner to contact the court within 30 days. After a house owner appeals against the order it can take years before the court issues a ruling on the case.

When the initial period of 30 days passes without appeal, the court decides about the actual execution of the demolition.

Additional information regarding building projects in Jerusalem

The city of Jerusalem has a building and planning commission which reviews new building projects. This commission meets frequently.

There is just one set of procedures for all building and renovation requests, independent of the ethnic backgrounds of the applicants, i.e. Jews or Arabs. Likewise, there is only set of procedures as regards illegal buildings and evictions.

These regulations concerning building procedures and permits are available in both Hebrew and Arabic.

In practice it has become clear that the number of building permits for Arab neighborhoods since the year 2000 has been slightly less than the number of permits for Jewish neighborhoods (see attachment). Additionally, much illegal building has taken place in the Arab neighborhoods (approximately 20.000 illegal houses have been built in East Jerusalem since 1967).

Many people build their houses without first requesting a building permit from the Jerusalem municipality. This happens because of the following reasons:

Landregistration

Adequate land registration is unavaiable in East Jerusalem because of historical and political reasons.
This was also the case during Ottoman rule when Jerusalem was part of an independent district (sanjaq) that was under the supervision of the Sultan. Fear for the Christian great powers’ growing interest in the holy places of Jerusalem and fear of the influence of the Waqf probably motivated the Ottoman rulers.

Also during the British Mandate there was no land registration out of fear for an increase in Waqf properties (Islamic religious endowments), which would in turn cause more Muslim influence in Jerusalem.

Political factors

The political factor is connected to the international community’s rejection of Israel’s claim to East Jerusalem. Without doubt the international community would have taken measures against Israel if it had established some form of land registration in East Jerusalem.

In other parts of the Arab world illegal building is a common practice. This problem also exists among the Bedouin communities of the Negev Desert. The procedures and taxes that are part of Israeli building processes and real estate transactions are being evaded by illegal building. Political factors also play a part among the Arab population of Jerusalem. Complying with Israeli rules is looked upon by some segments of the Arab community as collaboration. In addition, illegal building is sometimes perceived as provocation against Israeli government.

Criminals have often illegally appropriated land that fell under the “Absentee Property Law” of 1981. Illegal projects were built on such land, and the buyers did not always realize that the building they had purchased was in fact illegal.

Masterplan

Since 2008 Jerusalem has developed a master plan 10 that contains development and building plans for the whole city. Consequently, it has become possible to organize building affairs in East Jerusalem as well.

Because normal planning and building procedures are lacking in East Jerusalem many Arab neighborhoods do not have adequate sewerage systems and other essential infrastructure.

The master plan became the vanguard of the Jerusalem Municipality’s policy when a new mayor, Nir Barkat, took office in 2009.

10
http://jcpa.org/text/Jerusalem-Master-Plan.pdf

Nevertheless land registration is a prerequisite for the achievement of a good sanitation system and the orderly division of the various neighborhoods. The approval procedure of the master plan has taken eight years, mainly because of the Second Intifada but also because of different political and non-political complications.

The construction plan for the Arab neighborhoods currently provides for housing-demand until 2030, whereas for the Jewish neighborhoods similar planning extends only until 2020.

Construction of 13,500 new houses for the Arab residents of East-Jerusalem has been approved.

These data and population statistics make clear that there is no “Judaization” of Jerusalem. Statistics and prognoses show that there is actually a decrease of the Jewish majority of Jerusalem.

By 2020 the current Jewish majority of 65 percent will be reduced to 60 percent.
One factor contributing to this decrease is a lack of affordable housing in West-Jerusalem. Some of the Jewish orthodox neighborhoods have a population density that is four times bigger than the most densely populated Arab neighborhoods.
The lack of housing in the Jewish neighborhoods is due to the following factors:

Ever since the cancellation of the Safdie housing plan there has been a severe shortage of building plots for the establishment of new housing projects within the Green Line.

The Safdie plan provided for the construction of thousands of houses in the hills and forests on the west side of Jerusalem, between Ein-Kerem and Moshav Ora. This plan was cancelled after environmentalist organizations successfully brought suit against it in the Israeli Supreme Court.

The land that has been considered by the various development plans as building plots for the extension of Jewish neighborhoods is mainly in hands of Arab owners. Because of the present political situation it is inconceivable that this land would be expropriated (as has been the case in the past).

The geographical situation of West-Jerusalem makes it difficult to extend the city to the west (this area mainly consists of steep hills and nature reserves).

Political complications affect planning and construction Although Jerusalem is the capital of Israel and has been annexed by Israel, only the American Congress has implicitly accepted this fact. Actions of local and foreign action groups and foreign governments have caused delays and obstacles for the new construction plans. Because it takes a very long time before a building plan can be completed, Jerusalem has fewer start ups than the smaller city of Tel-Aviv (source: Israel Central Bureau Statistics).

The municipality of Jerusalem extends neighborhoods across the Green Line in agreement with the Israeli consensus. All Jewish members of the Knesset, except for the small Meretz parliamentary party, recently signed a letter to Prime Minister Netanyahu which called for the continuation of the building in Jewish neighborhoods in Jerusalem.

Neighborhoods like Gilo and Ramat Shlomo are not enclaves outside of Jerusalem but are in fact an integral part of the city.

Recent commotion over the extension of Gilo was based on a misunderstanding that this neighborhood would be extended in the direction of Bethlehem, whereas the actual extension would be on an empty building plot between Gilo and Malcha, on the west side of the neighborhood.

Sources:

Justus Reid Weiner – Illegal Construction Jerusalem (JCPA)

Central Bureau Statistics Israel:

Municipality of Jerusalem;

Jerusalem Post- (Betar illit contractor faces huge losses) 18-12-2009 and 08-03-2010; Ha’aretz- Ramat Shlomo;

YNet (murder Jerusalem Arab)

United Jerusalem (Chaim Zaken -Betar Illit buildingproject.)

Israel Facts website (translation of a report regarding building permits 2000-2008 issued by the Jerusalem Municipality)

Ir Amiem website

OCHA (rapport Planning crisis East Jerusalem)

Global Law Forum- Nadav Shragai- Jerusalem Proposed Master Plan

Camera website

Matthijs de Blois -Israel een staat ter discussie?

International law regarding the land of Israel and Jerusalem- Eliott A. Green

Julius Stone- Assault on the law of nations (extracts)

The Israel Project- Development Gan Hamelech (

Fahmi Shabaneh Website http://www.hekayaty.com/

Bernard Lewis – The Middle East

Abdul Hadi Palazzi- Tablet Magazine

All Experts- East Jerusalem

Justus Reid Weiner -The Palestinian Boycott of Jerusalem’s municipal political process.

NGO monitor

NGOs Demolition and illegal building in Jerusalem and international law-Justus Reid Weiner (institute for Global Jewish Affairs)

Attachment 1:

Breakdown of building permits issued for construction in the Arab region of Jerusalem

Period 2000 – 2008.

Per Year:

2000

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 69

Shafoeat, Anata new 76

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 139

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 34

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 73

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 179

2001

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 27

Shafoeat, Anata new 71

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 213

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 43

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 53

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 232

2002

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 43

Shafoeat, Anata new 60

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 179

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 30

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 65

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 170

2003

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 53

Shafoeat, Anata new 52

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 103

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 30

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 38

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 201

2004

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 131

Shafoeat, Anata new 103

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 36

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 9

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed, Chirbat Beit Zahoer 17

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 94

2005

Old City, Muslim Quarter 2

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 121

Shafoeat, Anata new 100

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 42

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 2

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 7

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 55

2006

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 141

Shafoeat, Anata new 180

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 26

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 18

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 55

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 215

2007

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 78

Shafoeat, Anata new 84

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 16

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 4

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 11

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 182

2008

Old City, Muslim Quarter 1

Kalandia.Atarot, Beit Hanina 81

Shafoeat, Anata new 91

Ishwaja, A- Toer, A-Sawana, Wadi El Joz 48

Sheikh Jarrah, Moshava Amerikaniet, Bab El Zahara 11

Deir Aboe Tor, Ras al amoed,Chirbat Beit Zahoer 60

Jamel Moegaber, Arav A-Swahara, Tzoer Baher;Beit Tsafafa south 170

Attachment 2:

Demolition of illegal buildings 1993-2009

  • 1993-94: 28 demolitions
  • 1995-96: 22 demolitions
  • 1997-98: 62 demolitions
  • 1999-2000: 26 demolitions

And from the year 2000 (when statistics became available on a yearly basis):

  • 2000: 9 demolitions.
  • 2001: 32 demolitions.
  • 2002: 36 demolitions.
  • 2003: 66 demolitions.

Source: Justus Reid Weiner JCPA
Table of Demolition Data in Recent Years

Source: Jerusalem Municipality

Year ---Eastern Western Total
2004---115-----13------128
2005---076-----32------108
2006---071-----37------108
2007---069-----35------104
2008---086-----42------128
2009---021-----20------041

Attachment 3:

Israel Kimchi Urban, planner and researcher of the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies gives a five- minute analysis in which he describes the actual situation of building in Jerusalem:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QixlBsgv_XU

Dore Gold, director of the Jerusalem cCentre of Public Affairs and former Israeli ambassador to the United Nations discusses the US policy toward construction in Jerusalem:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w_v56NeiGcM

Attachment 4:

Map of Jerusalem’s new neighborhoods

 

	Satellite image of Ramat Shlomo' position, next to the West Jerusalem neighborhoods.

 

Two maps of the growth of Jerusalem neighborhoods since 1967. Right map shows the situation in 1967 with the Arab neighborhoods in red. Left map shows the current situation.

The maps clearly show that construction in East Jerusalem for the Arab population outstrips construction for Jews there.